The Czech Republic is a country, having visited which you can fall in love not only with this region, but also with life itself. The unhurried life of the small state, which concentrates the magnificent nature, the abundance of historical and architectural monuments, famous health resorts, attracts more and more tourists every year. A trip to the country will be remembered for a long time, and many of the guests then return here again and again to get into the spirit of these historical places. What to see in the Czech Republic if you come here for the first time? Visit monuments, museums, breweries, restaurants, the places that create a unique image of this country. Czech sights are diverse. Local guides will help you to get acquainted with them, each of which will open up the Czech Republic in a new way, adding to the piggy-bank of your discoveries new impressions and emotions from visiting this country.
Even guides in the Czech Republic probably can’t list all the local attractions, but there are those attractions that everyone is familiar with. It is them with descriptions and photos are presented below, so that any traveler can make his visit to this country fascinating, based on his interests and the number of days to rest.
One of the most important sights of the Czech Republic, which has literally become a symbol of the state, is the largest castle Prague Castle, located in Prague. It is a whole complex of buildings, temples and fortifications surrounding the main squares and courtyards of the city. It is an entire area of the city, quite large in size, which fulfills a cultural, historical and political role. The castle was formerly a residence of Czech kings and emperors, but today it serves as the representation of the country’s president. The residence is guarded by a large military unit consisting of six hundred Grad guards. Every hour a guard change takes place there, and at noon a special orchestra even accompanies this action. Visitors come deliberately to the castle walls to watch the ceremonies.
Nowadays the Prague Castle has become one of the most visited tourist sites in the city. Visitors are allowed into the ceremonial halls of the palace complex only twice a year - on May 8 (Liberation Day) and October 28 (the founding of the Republic).
Official website: https://www.hrad.cz
Speaking about what to visit in the Czech Republic in the first place, you should pay special attention to the Charles Bridge, which in our time has become a real hallmark of the country. By the way, in the Czech capital there are 18 bridges with rich history, but certainly the most ancient and beautiful among them is Charles Bridge. In addition to its function - connecting the opposite banks of the Vltava River, this bridge has occupied a crucial place in the history of the city. It was designed by the Czech king Charles IV and opened in 1402. Since then it has undergone some changes - there was a horse road, streetcars ran over it for a long time, but now the bridge is accessible to walkers again.
The history of the bridge is shrouded in numerous legends, and one of the favorite beliefs among modern residents and visitors is that the bridge has a favorable energy, and there are several special places on the bridge where visitors make their best wishes.
Official website: http://www.prague.eu
While traveling around Prague, you don’t have to think about what to see in the Czech Republic - sooner or later, accidentally or intentionally, you will still find yourself in the heart of the city - Wenceslas Square. Here even in the middle of the night hundreds of people go somewhere and hurry, luring with their signs countless stores and restaurants.
Once there was a horse market, but since 1848, after the uprising against the Habsburgs, it became a place where crowds of people gathered on memorable dates:
Today, visitors come to the square to visit local memorabilia, while residents gather here to celebrate the national team’s victory in the ice hockey championship and to drink beer at the nearby pub. Both invariably meet at Wenceslas Square to go their separate ways.
If you ask yourself what is the most important landmark in the Czech Republic, any local will not hesitate to answer that it is St. Vitus Cathedral - one of the most important sights not only in Prague, but also in the entire country. It is truly a grand and monumental building, the first stone of which was laid in the middle of the 14th century, and the last stage of construction was completed only in the middle of the last century. For centuries, coronations of the Czech kings, royal weddings, and farewells for high-ranking officials of the country, have been held here. Throughout the centuries, true masters of their trade have worked on the Cathedral. The majestic construction, embodying a mixture of two styles - Gothic and Baroque, rises steadily above the old Prague, leaning with its pointed spires straight to the sky. By the way, the highest towers of cathedral reach the height of hundred meters, therefore the building of cathedral can be easily seen practically from any corner of Czech capital.
Official website: https://www.katedralasvatehovita.cz
If you view the lands of the Czech capital from Petřínský Hill and go down to the historical district - Hradčany, the further way will lie to one of the most beautiful constructions - Strahov Monastery. It is also one of the oldest attractions of the Czech Republic, which foundation dates back to 1140.
The name “Strahovský” speaks for itself - once the hill itself was called Strahovský because there was an outpost to protect the approaches to old Prague. The monastery itself was originally built of wood, so in 1258, as a result of a terrible fire, almost all of its structures burned to the ground. Years later the monastery was restored, but over the centuries it has burned and been destroyed many times due to wars and internecine strife. The monastery has been rebuilt over and over again, and its architectural styles have changed with the changing eras. Its last “reincarnation” took place in the 18th century, and the shape the monastery is in now corresponds to the Baroque style, popular at the time, which is characterized by solemnity, the abundance of flexible and graceful lines, the richness of exterior and interior decoration.
Official site: https://www.strahovskyklaster.cz
Every part of the small state abounds with architectural, historical, cultural objects. And what to see in the Czech Republic, if you find yourself in the south of the country, on the border with Austria? First and foremost, of course, is Lednice Castle, which is part of the large Lednice-Valtice complex, one of the most important attractions of the Czech Republic. Once part of the Lichtenstein family, it was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1996.
The Lednice Chateau was built in 1222, but it took on its present form much later, in the 18th century, thanks to the efforts of architect Georg Wingelmuller. After the reconstruction the complex acquired the architectural look of Romanticism.
If you find yourself in this amazing place, you will find a lot of interesting things:
Official website: https://www.zamek-lednice.com/ru
Chocolate lovers and true chocolate gourmets will definitely find something to visit in the Czech Republic, because in the very heart of the Czech capital, not far from the Old Town Square, there is another unique Czech landmark - the “sweet” chocolate museum. It is known that Czechs treat this delicacy with special reverence and consider chocolate a symbol of friendship and positive disposition towards the person who is the recipient of this treat. It is this selfless love and reverence for chocolate that led to the creation of one of the world’s best museums. Despite the “young” age of the museum, which opened in 2008, today it attracts a huge number of visitors. Everyone who wants to dive into the world of chocolate, learn its rich history which counts about 2600 years, and taste different kinds of delicacies made of cacao beans, comes here.
In general, the chocolate museum is divided into several parts:
Official site: http://www.choco-story-praha.cz
In the central part of the country, 30 kilometers from Prague, is an interesting natural landmark of the Czech Republic - Coneprusské Caves, which are currently the largest cave system in the country. They get their name from the area where they are located - Koneprusy.
What is this natural object? The Koneprusy Caves are a world of multistory caves full of bizarre stalactites and stalagmites, with a total length of about 2 kilometers and a tourist route of 600 meters. Moreover, the height between the uppermost and lowest tiers in some places reaches 70 meters.
Regardless of the temperature and weather conditions outside, inside the caves there is a special microclimate - almost 100% humidity, the average temperature is kept at a mark of +10⁰С. The whole tour through the caves is long, it takes about 2 hours, so you should dress warmer.
Now the entire tourist route in the caves is landscaped - there is lighting, laid concrete paths, stairs, railings, installed information boards.
Official site: http://www.caves.cz
The sights of the Czech Republic are varied and unique, and one of them, near the spa town of Mariánské Lázně, was created by nature itself. The vast expanse of woodland containing a natural reservoir of mineral water and natural gases is called Smrádech. The principle of choosing such a name becomes clear during a visit to these places: as a result of the formation of accumulations of hydrogen sulfide in local reservoirs, a characteristic smell, which can not be described as pleasant. Hence the name, consonant with the unpleasant smell, or stench, spreading throughout the territory of the reserve.
Particular attention should be paid to some of the features of the reserve, resulting from the unique geological properties of this area:
The historical and cultural heritage of the Czech capital has an amazing wealth and variety of attractions in the Czech Republic. If your route runs through Prague you won’t need to look for something to see in the Czech Republic, but rather choose from the mass of tourist sites those that are worth visiting above all. Among these places is the summer palace of Queen Anne, also called the Royal Palace Belvedere.
The palace was laid out in 1538 and was intended as a gift to Queen Anne by her loving husband - Ferdinand of Habsburg. Unfortunately, the queen never received this gift, as she died after the birth of her fifteenth child. The construction lasted till 1541, after that the works had to be stopped because of the destructive fires in the city. The construction was finished only in 1861.
The palace is a 2-storeyed building, decorated in the Renaissance style.
Special attention deserves the luxury of its architecture and exterior decoration:
Not always excursions in the Czech Republic bring the expected pleasure, and the main reason is the lack of understanding of what the tourist would like to see. Our list of the most beautiful and historically important places will solve this problem - you can easily choose what is more interesting to you and will not waste time and money in vain.
An interesting monument of deconstructivist architecture has become one of the most popular attractions in the Czech Republic. It is the Dancing House, dedicated to the pair of famous Broadway dancers who once shone in Bohemia. The building really does resemble a couple frozen in a dance - a man and a woman: one part, more severe and slightly wider upward, follows the male figure, the other more flexible and wider downward, follows the female silhouette with a skirt that flutters in movement.
The unusually shaped building was erected here not so long ago, in the 1990s. Previously on the site of the creative creation of architecture was an ordinary apartment building, which was destroyed due to the bombing of the American aircraft, and the ruins remained on this site until the 1960s.
Today the Dancing House is essentially an office center, and on its top floor is a restaurant with a beautiful view of the city, and in 2016 it also opened a hotel with 21 rooms and a great panoramic view.
Official website: http://tadu.cz/en/
Those who want to improve their health don’t have to think about what to visit in the Czech Republic - of course, they should see the world famous Karlovy Vary resort in the first place. Mineral water from thermal springs here plays a fundamental role in spa treatment. There are 13 active thermal springs at the resort, 12 of which are used for treatment and recovery.
Some 600 years ago, at the beginning of the spa business in Karlovy Vary, people came to the thermal waters to recover from many ailments rather than deliberately.
Drinking treatment with the local mineral waters is performed here regularly and in certain doses prescribed by the spa physician. The effectiveness of thermal waters on the body is due to their high mineral content. Thermal water in Karlovy Vary has a whole range of benefits:
Official site: http://www.thermal.cz/ru/
The spa town of Karlovy Vary is world famous as a mineral water resort and is, in fact, the most important landmark of the Czech Republic. One of the architectural landmarks of the city is the Mill Colonnade, a massive structure of columns built in the 19th century by Czech architect Josef Zitek. Initially the colonnade was planned even more grandiose - three-storey, but due to lack of funds the idea was not implemented in full: one-storey colonnade was 132 meters long and was built of 124 columns. Most of the local mineral springs are located in or near the Mill Colonnade:
About 80 kilometers from the Czech capital is the town of Kutna Hora. It is home to one of the most frightening and also fascinating sights in the Czech lands - the Church of All Saints, also known as Kostnice. In the Middle Ages there was a widespread tradition of burying the dead in churches. This temple was no exception, but bones of the deceased are not just kept here - all the interior is made of them. The bones decorate the chandeliers, crosses, coats of arms - all of this is impressive and even somewhat shocking to modern visitors.
The history of Kostnica dates back to the 13th century, when one of the monks scattered holy ground brought from Golgotha over the monastery’s cemetery. Later the local soil was considered holy, and to be buried in this cemetery was considered a great honor. Over time, the cemetery began to grow rapidly in size due to endless wars, epidemics, and floods. By the 16th century, so many bones had accumulated that it was at this time that they began to be used to furnish the temple decorations. By 1870, the interior had been altered and the décor made of bones had been created, which has survived in the temple to this day.
Official website: http://www.ossuary.eu/index.php/en/
In the Czech capital, between the Hradčany district and the Vltava River, the most beautiful district of Prague - Malá Strana - is spread out. Quiet cobblestone streets, lots of cozy gardens and terraces, palace and park complexes with Baroque decorations - in a word, the Malá Strana neighborhood is the first thing to see in Czech Republic, if you find yourself in its capital.
Opens the best sights of the Czech Republic Prague is the magical capital of Bohemia and one of the most beautiful European cities. And one of the symbols of the city is the world famous astronomical clock located on the Old Town Square, on the wall of the Old Town Hall. The mechanism and appearance of the clock was repeatedly destroyed, the most serious of which occurred during the Second World War, but it was subsequently restored by talented craftsmen. Around the astronomical dial moves a ring with the signs of the zodiac and symbols of the sun and moon. The design elements such as the figure of an angel at the top of the chimes, the 12 figures of the apostles and the gilded rooster at the very top all serve as “protectors” against the influence of the dark forces deserve special attention.
The main administrative, economic and cultural center of the South Bohemian Region, as well as one of the beer towns in the Czech Republic is situated on the confluence of the rivers Malše and Vltava. Ceske Budejovice is one of the centers of Czech brewing, so there are two big breweries in the city, one of which produces the well-known Budweiser. The old town with its Renaissance, Baroque and Gothic buildings is also worth a visit. Start your acquaintance with the city from the main square, which has a strict square shape. On its perimeter there is a number of historical houses with Baroque facades. The central part of the square is crowned by the Samson Fountain of the 18th century. The town hall, a light blue building with allegorical sculptures of Justice, Prudence, Wisdom and Courage, occupies an important place.
Of great importance to the entire Czech nation is the Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul, which was once the first church in the city of Brno. Since the 13th century when it was founded, the Czech people have always found support and comfort in it, and for the opponents it has been a symbol of fortitude, endurance and steadfastness of spirit. Two towers reaching up into the sky as if piercing the sky with their spires have long been a recognizable symbol of the city. Today the cathedral is one of the most popular attractions, and to this day services are held there. No less impressive is its rich interior decoration. And from the high observation tower of the cathedral you can observe the magnificent views of the city surroundings from a height of 84 meters.
This church, whose architecture is particularly impressive when viewed from a height, is not just a temple or a place of mass pilgrimage. It is the story of St. John of Nepomuk, immortalized in stone, the inspiration of Abbot Václav Weimlův, a great admirer of the saint. The very shape of the temple from above resembles a five-pointed star, and the surrounding buildings are rays of the star. All these features are closely intertwined with the story of the holy martyr, who was executed by the king for not revealing the secret of the royal consort’s confession. Above the body of the saint, which was drowned after his martyrdom in the waters of the Vltava River, a bright star rose. Soon the body was removed from the water by monks and buried. Later, in the process of reburial and exhumation, a whole unharmed tongue was discovered in the saint’s skull. Following the manifestation of such miracles, churches consecrated in honor of St. John of Nepomuk began to be built throughout the country.
Official website: https://www.zdarns
When choosing what to see in the Czech Republic in spring, it is worth visiting places that are particularly attractive with the arrival of the spring warmth. Late spring, for example, would be an ideal time to visit Hluboka nad Vltavou Castle in the south of the country. During this time, the snow-white facade of the castle is transformed by the lush and bright spring greenery, and the flowerbeds of the adjacent park are full of colorful spring flowers. The castle is an example of English romantic architecture, its facade is decorated with beautiful ligature of snow-white decorative elements, the charming jagged towers crown the view - the whole picture looks as if it came from the pen of some talented storyteller. The palace is framed by an English park with ornamental ponds and rare species of trees.
Official website: https://www.zamek
The town of Kutna Hora, itself a World Heritage Site, is home to the second most important and largest Gothic church in the Czech Republic, after St. Vitus Cathedral. This is St. Barbara’s Cathedral, dedicated to the patroness of all miners, miners and mine diggers. The construction of the church was directly linked to the tragic story of the three miners and the saint, to whom the miners turned with a request for salvation when there was no chance for it anymore. The saint heard their pleas, and the workers were able to get out of the rubble. One of the survivors became the founder of a beautiful temple, dedicating it to the savior. The interior decoration of the cathedral surprises not only in size, but also with some attributes that are not found in any other temple. These are frescoes dedicated to the work of the miners and the life of the city, as well as a sculpture of a miner in white robes.
Official website: http://khfarnost
For those interested in the most important, symbolic sights of the Czech Republic, the presentation of the country is not without Stare Mesto - the historical district of Prague, where all the historical salt of the city and country is concentrated. This is the place to get acquainted with the Czech Republic for all those who come to its lands for the first time. Each street of the historic district is a gallery of art monuments, preserving the heritage of the country. Among them are the Public House, built on the ruins of the Royal Palace, the medieval Powder Gate, Old Town Square - the main square of the neighborhood, the City Hall, which used to be the center of political life, the luxurious baroque Saint James Church, the Týn Church - the impressive majestic building of the Catholic Church, as well as many themed museums.
The pride of the city of Český Krumlov is the beautiful Krumlov Castle with its tall tower, which can be seen from any part of the city. The history of the palace goes back to the 12th century when the town was ruled by the Vitkovic family. Repeatedly throughout the centuries the castle passed into the possession of various noble families, and in 1940 it was confiscated by the German occupiers. The castle was conquered and nationalized, and in the 1990s it was added to the list of world heritage. The fortress originally had an Early Gothic facade and later acquired some Baroque features as well. Its 5 courtyards concentrate a lot of interesting premises and structures - these are the manager’s houses, the cheese dairy, the mint, the Wenceslas cellars, the local theater, the Cloak Bridge and much more.
Official website: https://www.zamek
Prague is not only a beautiful metropolitan city, mesmerizing with hundreds of historical monuments. It’s also hardworking people who appreciate nature and treat it with special reverence. That is why the city has a huge area of 60 hectares devoted to the animal world - it is home to representatives of fauna from all over the world. On the two levels of the zoo, connected to each other by a cable car, you can visit the most picturesque oases of wildlife, divided into thematic zones. Most of these areas are open-air, and the enclosed pavilions contain only raptors. There is also a children’s zone in the park, where the streetcar runs constantly, and the inhabitants - poultry, sheep, rabbits, pigs - come into direct contact with the child, taking specially prepared food from the hands.
Official website: https://www.zoopraha
To choose what to see in the Czech Republic in winter, it is worth knowing about the interesting events that take place in the cities during winter time. For example, Prague is unusually transformed for Christmas - the red tiles of its houses are covered with a snow-white cap, colored lights of illumination are lit, Christmas decorations appear everywhere. And perhaps the epicenter of celebration is on Old Town Square - the biggest Christmas fair. Everywhere crowded and lively, stalls set up, where you can warm yourself with hot mulled wine, have a snack of sumptuous pastry and roasted chestnuts. In the evening, the square is especially transformed: the large Christmas tree lights up with thousands of lights, and the fairy towers of the Týn Church magically rush above the facades of the buildings.
Not far from the town of Benešov there is another famous Czech castle - Konopiště. Its origins date back to the beginning of the 13th century, but it is best known for the fact that its last owner was Archduke Ferdinand - it was his assassination that triggered the outbreak of World War I. By the way, the bullet fired at the archduke is today represented as an exhibit in the museum of the castle. Franz Ferdinand, who bought the castle and surrounding areas at the end of the 19th century, tried to restore the structure to its original appearance. A park with greenhouses and a rose garden appeared in the baroque palace garden. The tour includes visits to the North Wing with its armory and chapel, the South Wing with its hunting corridor, and the rooms of the Archduke and his family.
Official website: https://www.zamek-konopiste
One of the symbols of Czech kingdom during the heyday of Gothic architecture was Karlstejn Castle. It is also one of the most visited castles in the Czech Republic, thanks to its proximity to the Czech capital and to its location on the world-famous tourist route “The Castle Road” which unites the most beautiful palaces of the Czech Republic. The castle was founded in the early 14th century by the Czech king as a summer residence. The entire complex, situated on different levels, consists of two parts - the Upper and Lower Castle. On the upper level is the Imperial Palace, two towers and the Church of the Virgin Mary. At the lower level you can visit the courtyard, the burgraffe and the well tower with a unique wheeled water pumping mechanism.
Official website: https://www.hrad
The village of Kušovice is home to a world famous brewery, the history of which dates back to 1517. To this day, in the production of beer there are used traditional recipes of many centuries, skillfully combining them with the latest technological developments. The first beer was brewed in the brewery by its founder Jiří Birk, who later devoted his life to brewing. The tour of the modern brewery begins with a visit to the brewery store, where you can buy Czech beer and buy themed souvenirs. Then visitors are invited to a tour of the brewery itself, where the technology of brewing is described and the most attractive part of production - conveyors with thousands of bottles of beer, which will soon go on sale, is demonstrated.
The country’s first cultural heritage monument is situated in the southeastern part of Bohemia. It is the world famous Tölč Museum City, to which guided tours are offered from various cities in the country. The town is famous for its well-preserved baroque and renaissance architecture and its old town center with its unique buildings creates a fascinating historical atmosphere. The approximate year of the foundation of the city is considered to be 1099, and it all began with the erection of a Romanesque church, which was laid by the King’s Viceroy Otto. Originally all the city’s buildings were made of wood, but a fire in the 14th century destroyed almost all the structures to the ground. That’s when new buildings were built, but already from stone - they are and have survived to this day.
Official website: https://www.telc.eu
In Northern Bohemia, a hundred kilometers from Prague, you will find a piece of France - Sychrov Castle, built by a French knight and belonging to a noble French family. The castle itself and the protected landscape area it is located in - the area of the Czech Paradise Natural Park - are both worth seeing. One of the remarkable features of the chateau is the English style surrounding park. The chateau is often called the “carved wonder of Bohemia” because of its carved wooden interiors made by the famous carver Petr Boušek. In the art gallery of the palace you can see portraits of noblemen and other historical figures, as well as visit the old library.
If you choose what to see in the Czech Republic by car, you should choose wild and less crowded places, which are rarely mass tours. Just there lurks a unique historical spirit, and pictures of the distant past come to mind. One of these monuments is Troski Castle, which has become a symbol of the Czech Paradise. Even from afar, you can see its two towers, darkened by time and overgrown with ivy, on a hilltop. It is estimated that the castle was built in the 14th century. Over the centuries, the castle had been repeatedly destroyed, exposed to fire, and for several centuries it had been in disrepair. And today the uniqueness of this construction is given not by the historical details, but by its outlandish appearance.
Official website: https://www.hrad-trosky
Not far from the Škoda factory, 50 kilometers north of the capital, an unusual museum is situated, which was opened to celebrate the centenary of the Czech car brand. The plant itself began its work back in 1895 and has more than a century of history. That is why Skoda today is one of the most recognizable and worthy brands of the country. Nowadays the museum’s exhibition area occupies about 1,800 meters, and each exhibit is dedicated to the history of the automobile brand’s development. Not only unique models of Czech cars, but also separate parts and miniature copies of cars, as well as interesting photographs, drawings, documents, letters and awards are presented here. Some of the presented vintage cars are still in good condition and even participate in runs.
Official website: http://museum.skoda-auto
It is not only ancient palaces, ancient cathedrals and medieval squares which the Czech Republic keeps on its soil. Sightseeing, nature and centuries-old Czech traditions are represented in a small village in the south. The historical village Holašovice clearly demonstrates how and what the Czech village lived like in the past centuries. The layout of buildings here has not changed over the centuries, so the colorful houses you can see in the streets are preserved mostly from the 18th and 19th centuries. In general, the history of this settlement is mentioned in sources from the 13th century, and in the 16th century, almost the entire population of the village died out because of the bubonic plague. Many more trials have survived this region, including the events of the Third Reich, and only in 1990 began its reconstruction and settlement. Today, the village has about a hundred and fifty inhabitants.
The largest karst reserve in Europe is located 30 kilometers north of the Czech city of Brno. Mysterious underground world, which opens to visitors of the reserve, allows you to break away from everyday life and plunge into another, unknown dimension. After the faded architecture of cities this place is so tempting with its peculiar “architecture” of caves and rocks, which have been created for thousands of years by nature itself. The area with the caves stretches for 25 kilometers in length, and the total area is about 90 square kilometers. All of this area under the ground occupy cavities with underground rivers - there are more than a thousand caves. The main attraction is the cave Macocha - the largest on the territory of Europe underground chasm, a depth of 138 meters. To view it in the cave, equipped with special bridges.
Official website: http://moravskykras
If the Central Bohemia is a land of castles, fortresses, museums and other cultural and historical values, the attractions of the western Bohemia are the natural treasures of the country: nature reserves, living springs, thermal spas. Some natural attractions can also be found to the southwest - Lake Lipno and the surrounding area is one of them. This area was closed to tourists for 40 years and opened not so long ago, so today the places around the lake - it is the purest corner of pristine nature. In the forest that grows here you can see an unusual ecological path “along the tops of the trees” - a 372-meter long wooden platform with a smooth continuous rise to a height of 24 meters above the ground, where it ends with a 40-meter high viewing tower.
Official website: https://www.stezkako
To the west of the Czech Republic lies a country with a history spanning more than two thousand years - Germany. Be sure to visit that country as well. Read about sights of Germany and plan your next trip to Europe!